Research Article| Volume 21, ISSUE 5, P672-681, May 1966

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Plaster: A bone substitute

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      A review of the literature on the use of plaster of Paris in osseous regeneration has revealed that this simple, inexpensive substance offers many advantages as an implant for filling defects in bone. The material is stable, readily available, and can be easily sterilized. It is well tolerated by hard and soft tissues and can be used effectively in both endochondral and intermembranous bone defects. Its rapid rate of absorption, which coincides with the rate of new bone growth, makes it especially useful in repairing large defects. It does not stimulate foreign-body giant-cell activity and is useful in the treatment of infected osseous defects.
      In dentistry, plaster of Paris may be particularly useful as a vehicle to carry medicaments into infected areas where absorption may cause prolonged release of the medicament. Plaster can also be used effectively in extraction or cystic wounds and in surgical and osteomyelitic defects to facilitate restoration of normal morphologic contour and to rebuild resorbed alveolar ridges.
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