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- 1.1. A study utilizing thirty-three extracted mandibular central and lateral incisor teeth was conducted to determine whether a reaming or a filing action produced differences in the shape of the prepared root canal.
- 2.2. Neither a reamer nor a file, when used with a reaming action, produced any significant deviation from circular canal preparation.
- 3.3. A file, when used with a filing action, did produce significant deviation from a circular preparation.
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☆The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private ones of the writer and are not to be construed as official or reflecting the views of the Navy Department or the naval service at large.
© 1969 Published by Elsevier Inc.