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Physiologic pigmentation of the gingiva in Israeli Jews of different ethnic origin

  • Author Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    Meir Gorsky
    Correspondence
    Reprint requests to: Dr. Meir Gorsky Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine School of Dental Medicine Sackler Faculty of Medicine Tel Aviv University Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
    Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    Affiliations
    School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv, Israel
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  • Author Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    Amos Buchner
    Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    Affiliations
    School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv, Israel
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  • Author Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    Dan Fundoianu-Dayan
    Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    Affiliations
    School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv, Israel
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  • Author Footnotes
    ** Section of Oral Rehabilitation.
    Israel Aviv
    Footnotes
    ** Section of Oral Rehabilitation.
    Affiliations
    School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv, Israel
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    * Section of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine.
    ** Section of Oral Rehabilitation.
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      Abstract

      The prevalence of gingival physiologic pigmentation in three ethnic groups of a total of 2,465 Israeli Jews were determined. The distribution of this gingival pigmentation, according to anatomic parts and divisions, was examined. Results showed the presence of gingival pigmentation in 57.9% of the Eastern group, 49.3% of the Sephardic group, and 21.1% of the Ashkenazi group. No indication of sex predilection was found. The most common site of pigmentation was the labial part of the gingiva, and the attached gingiva was the most common pigmented anatomic division. The group of Eastern Jews showed the highest pervalence of physiologic pigmentation in each of the anatomic parts and divisions of the gingiva.
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