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Rehabilitation of the temporomandibular joint after arthroscopic surgery

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      Abstract

      Arthroscopy of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a new, relatively noninvasive surgical procedure for treating patients with TMJ dysfunctions beyond management by nonsurgical means. Ninety-two patients who underwent diagnostic and operative TMJ arthroscopy completed a staged physical therapy regimen, which resulted in functional mobility and mandibular use with little or no pain at 24-month follow-up. This report introduces TMJ arthroscopic diagnostic and surgical procedures and their respective rehabilitative protocols currently used to provide beneficial outcomes in postoperative treatment.
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