Endodontics| Volume 93, ISSUE 1, P81-87, January 2002

Leakage associated with intermediate restorative material and glass-ionomer cement retrograde fillings: A human and sheep teeth comparison with 2 different aging procedures


      Objectives: Leakage around retrograde fillings is an important cause of endodontic surgery. This in vitro study sought to compare the following: (1) methylene blue dye leakage linked to retrofillings in human and sheep teeth with the degree of dye penetration when intermediate restorative materials and Chemfil were used as retrofillings, (2) the apical microleakage in filled with that in unfilled root canals, and (3) 2 storage techniques, incubator-based and subcutaneous implantation in rats. Study Design: Tested were 198 human and 196 sheep teeth that were retrofilled with intermediate restorative material or Chemfil, then stored in an incubator or subcutaneously in rats for 10, 20, and 30 days before immersion in methylene blue dye for 24 hours. Linear dye penetration was evaluated, and the results were statistically analyzed by means of analysis of variance. Results: Leakage between sheep and human teeth was significantly different (P <.05). Chemfil had significantly less leakage than intermediate restorative material after storage in rat (P <.05) for up to 20 days, but not after 30 days. No differences were found between leakage of unfilled and filled human root canal teeth. Conclusions: The sheep incisor is a poor experimental model of the human tooth, and both aging procedures demonstrate extensive leakage of retrofilling materials after long-term storage. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2002;93:81-7)
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