Oral and maxillofacial surgery Online only article| Volume 115, ISSUE 4, e20-e22, April 2013

Endosteal (central) osteochondroma of the mandibular body

      Cartilaginous pathology of the jaws is relatively uncommon, owing the fact that the osteochondroma of the mandibular body are extremely rare. This paper elaborates on the rare case of endosteal (central) osteochondroma created 6 months after exodontia in the left body of the mandibula in tooth region #36. After obtaining a histologic diagnosis of an osteochondroma, a tumor was locally resected. One year later, panoramic radiographs showed bone regeneration at the site of the previously resected osteochondroma. However, extreme caution should be maintained, because an osteochondroma could be the first feature of osteosarcoma or chondrosarcoma. Therefore, regular clinical examinations and radiographic evaluations are mandatory every 6 and 12 months, respectively.
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