In this study, a 2.5-mm resorbable plating system (Inion CPS, Tampere Finland) was assessed for the fixation of mandibular fractures with 3 weeks of maxillomandibular fixation.
Patients and Methods
Fifty mandibular fractures in 34 patients (32 males, 2 females) with a mean of 20.8 days of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) were included in this study. The 2.5-mm resorbable plates were adapted along Champy's line of ideal osteosynthesis and secured with four 8 × 2.5 mm monocortical resorbable screws. All patients were followed for a minimum of 6 weeks with an average long-term follow-up of 10 months. The incidence of soft tissue infection, nonunion, malunion, malocclusion, osteomyelitis, nerve injury, and tooth damage was prospectively assessed.
Primary bone healing was achieved in 100% of cases. Ten minor complications (20%) were observed: 5 soft tissue infections (10%), 4 plate dehiscences (8%), and 1 malocclusion (2%). No evidence of malunion, nonunion, osteomyelitis, plate fracture, or iatrogenic dental or nerve injury was noted; no readmission or reoperation was necessary.
The Inion 2.5-mm resorbable plating system along Champy's line of ideal osteosynthesis plus 3 weeks of MMF is a viable option for the treatment of mandible fractures.
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- Inion data on file.2005
Published online: August 27, 2012
Accepted: March 14, 2012
Received in revised form: February 1, 2012
Received: November 14, 2011
The authors thank Stryker Craniomaxillofacial for their support of this study.
© 2013 Elsevier Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.