To evaluate the volume and position of the temporomandibular joint structures, specifically the glenoid fossa and the condylar head, in patients with facial asymmetry.
Fifty-six adult patients were divided into two groups—asymmetry group and control group—based on the severity of the mandibular asymmetry, as seen on their orthopantomograms. The volumes and positions of the bilateral temporomandibular joint components were measured by using computed tomography images and a three-dimensional analysis program. Each of the variables was compared between and within the groups.
The volumes of the condyle and the glenoid fossa on the side of the smaller condyle were significantly smaller in the asymmetry group (P < .05) than in the control group. The volumetric ratios of the glenoid fossa and the joint space to the condyle were also significantly higher on that side (P < .001). The distance of the uppermost point of the glenoid fossa from the midaxial plane in the smaller condyle was significantly shorter (P < .05) only in the asymmetry group.
When evaluating mandibular asymmetry, the volume of the glenoid fossa and the volume and vertical position of the condylar head need to be considered in addition to length or width of the condylar head.
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Published online: August 31, 2016
Accepted: August 20, 2016
Received in revised form: July 19, 2016
Received: March 28, 2016
This study was supported by a faculty research grant from the Yonsei University College of Dentistry (6-2007-0004).
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.