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EBV-positive B-cell ulcerative proliferation in the oral cavity associated with EBV-negative follicular lymphoma in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency: A case report and review of the literature

Published:September 13, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2021.09.004
      Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) are a group of conditions characterized by excessive production of lymphocytes manifested in various patterns including lymphadenopathy, tumor-like lesions, and lymphomas. LPD may be stimulated by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection that most commonly appears in the setting of immunocompromised status such as long-term use of immunosuppressive medications and in individuals with primary immunodeficiency disorders. EBV mucocutaneous ulcer is a benign LPD reaction that mostly regresses spontaneously but sometimes requires medical or surgical intervention. This article presents a case of oral EBV mucocutaneous ulceration that affected an individual with a history of complex primary immunodeficiency disorders consisted of common variable immunodeficiency disease associated with T-cell dysfunction. This case is unique because the oral lesions led to the diagnosis of concurrent widespread EBV-negative follicular lymphomas, seemingly unrelated to her EBV-positive LPD oral disease. Yet, both occurred in the setting of severe immunosuppression from the primary immunodeficiency disorders.
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