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Analysis of factors that influence quality of life of individuals undergoing treatment for mandibular fractures: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Published:January 20, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2022.01.012

      Objective

      To address the factors that affect the quality of life (QoL) of individuals undergoing treatment for mandibular fractures.

      Study Design

      This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and the search strategy was constructed according to the Populations, Interventions, Comparison, Outcomes, and Study Design principle in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. Risk of bias assessment was performed with Risk Of Bias In Non-randomized Studies of Interventions and Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for randomized trials 2.

      Results

      Nineteen studies were included: 15 observational and 4 clinical trials. Mean age ranged from 28 to 39 years, with a higher proportion of males. The condyle was the main fracture location and traffic accident was the fracture cause. Treatment approaches were mostly open reduction (89.4%) and maxillomandibular fixation (63%). QoL measurements varied considerably with the General Oral Health Assessment Index (31.5%) and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (21%) as the main instruments. Meta-analysis showed that open reduction and maxillomandibular fixation did not present significant differences to QoL (P = .39), but significant differences were observed with time (P < .00001). Other factors affected QoL, such as mental health, pain, socializing, appearance, and eating difficulties.

      Conclusions

      Several factors, apart from the treatment approach, mentioned in this review seemed to affect the QoL of patients with mandibular trauma. Treatment choice should be based on well-stablished clinical criteria and on all other factors mentioned here.
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