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Computed tomographic imaging features of maxillary and mandibular melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy: Report of 2 cases and systematic review

      Objective

      The aim of this systematic review was to determine the computed tomographic (CT) imaging characteristics of maxillary and mandibular melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI). Two cases from our institution were also presented.

      Study Design

      Full-text case reports and case series of histopathologically proven gnathic MNTI with CT figures of diagnostic quality were searched in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Ovid, and Google Scholar databases from July 2021 to February 2022. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the frequency of each CT feature of gnathic MNTI.

      Results

      Fifty-two published studies met the eligibility criteria, providing a total of 53 maxillary and mandibular MNTIs for analysis. In order of frequency, the CT features of gnathic MNTI that were present in over half of the study sample were bone expansion (53, 100%), a well-defined periphery (49, 92.5%), tooth displacement (45, 84.9%), and a bilocular radiolucent internal pattern (32, 60.4%).

      Conclusions

      The bilocular radiolucent internal pattern has not been recognized as a common CT feature of gnathic MNTI. When associated with a well-defined, expansile mass in the infantile maxilla or mandible, this imaging characteristic can support a radiologic interpretation of MNTI.
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