Advertisement

Review of the studies on the relationship and treatment of anterior disk displacement and dentofacial deformity in adolescents

  • Xiaoli Zhang
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center of Stomatology, Huang Pu District, Shanghai, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Jiali Sun
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center of Stomatology, Huang Pu District, Shanghai, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Dongmei He
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center of Stomatology, Huang Pu District, Shanghai, China
    Search for articles by this author
Published:October 11, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2022.07.018
      Anterior disk displacement (ADD) is a common type of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) internal derangement. In adolescents, the relationship between ADD and dentofacial deformities are brought into focus. Whether treatment is needed, or what kind of treatment are effective are still without a consensus. From the literature review, the consequences of ADD without treatment and the effect on disk repositioning were summarized. The results showed that after ADD, condylar height was prone to reduce that may lead to or aggravate dentofacial deformities in adolescents. Disk repositioning could promote the regeneration of condylar bone, thus improving the development of dentofacial deformities.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      References

        • Hall HD.
        Intra-articular disc displacement part II: its significant role in temporomandibular joint pathology.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1995; 53: 1073-1079
        • Schellhas KP
        • Pollei SR
        • Wilkes CH.
        Pediatric internal derangements of the temporomandibular joint: effect on facial development.
        Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1993; 104: 51-59
        • Nebbe B
        • Major PW.
        Prevalence of TMJ disc displacement in a pre-orthodontic adolescent sample.
        Angle Orthod. 2000; 70: 454-463
        • Westesson PL
        • Katzberg RW
        • Tallents RH
        • et al.
        Temporomandibular joint: comparison of MR images with cryosectional anatomy.
        Radiology. 1987; 164: 59-64
        • Hansson LG
        • Westesson PL
        • Katzberg RW
        • et al.
        MR imaging of the temporomandibular joint: comparison of images of autopsy specimens made at 0.3 T and 1.5 T with anatomic cryosections.
        AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989; 152: 1241-1244
        • Roh HS
        • Kim W
        • Kim YK
        • et al.
        Relationships between disk displacement, joint effusion, and degenerative changes of the TMJ in TMD patients based on MRI findings.
        J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012; 40: 283-286
        • Cai XY
        • Jin JM
        • Yang C.
        Changes in disc position, disc length, and condylar height in the temporomandibular joint with anterior disc displacement: a longitudinal retrospective magnetic resonance imaging study.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011; 69: e340-e346
        • Zhang S
        • Liu X
        • Yang X
        • et al.
        Temporomandibular joint disc repositioning using bone anchors: an immediate postsurgical evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging.
        BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010; 12: 262-269
        • Xie Q
        • Yang C
        • He D
        • et al.
        Will unilateral temporomandibular joint anterior disc displacement in teenagers lead to asymmetry of condyle and mandible? A longitudinal study.
        J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2016; 44: 590-596
        • Xie Q
        • Yang C
        • He D
        • et al.
        Is mandibular asymmetry more frequent and severe with unilateral disc displacement?.
        J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2015; 43: 81-86
        • Yuan M
        • Shen P
        • Yang C.
        Impact of temporomandibular joint arthroscopic discopexy on condylar growth in adolescents: a retrospective cohort study.
        Chin J Stomatol. 2021; 56: 158-163
        • Zhuo Z
        • Cai X
        • Xie Q.
        Is anterior disc displacement without reduction associated with temporomandibular joint condylar height in juvenile patients younger than 20 years?.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015; 73: 843-849
        • Zhu H
        • He D
        • Yang Z
        • et al.
        The effect of disc repositioning and post-operative functional splint for the treatment of anterior disc displacement in juvenile patients with class II malocclusion.
        J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2019; 47: 66-72
        • Liu Z
        • Xie Q
        • Yang C
        • et al.
        The effect of arthroscopic disc repositioning on facial growth in juvenile patients with unilateral anterior disc displacement.
        J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2020; 48: 765-771
        • Zhu H
        • He D
        • Yang Z
        • et al.
        The effect of condylar regeneration after different disc repositioning surgeries in adolescents with skeletal class II malocclusion.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2021; 79: 1851-1861
        • Gonçalves JR
        • Cassano DS
        • Rezende L
        • Wolford LM.
        Disc repositioning: does it really work?.
        Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2015; 27: 85-107
        • McCain JP
        • Podrasky AE
        • Zabiegalski NA.
        Arthroscopic disc repositioning and suturing: a preliminary report.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1992; 50 (579-580): 568-579
        • Ohnishi M.
        Arthroscopic surgery for hypermobility and recurrent mandibular dislocation.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 1989; 91: 153-156
        • Israel HA.
        Technique for placement of a discal traction suture during temporomandibular joint arthroscopy.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1989; 47: 311-313
        • Tarro AW.
        Arthroscopic treatment of anterior disc displacement: a preliminary report.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1989; 47: 353-358
        • Yang C
        • Cai XY
        • Chen MJ
        • et al.
        New arthroscopic disc repositioning and suturing technique for treating an anteriorly displaced disc of the temporomandibular joint: part I – technique introduction.
        Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012; 41: 1058-1063
        • Liu X
        • Zheng J
        • Cai X
        • et al.
        Techniques of Yang's arthroscopic discopexy for temporomandibular joint rotational anterior disc displacement.
        Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019; 48: 769-778
        • Zhang SY
        • Liu XM
        • Yang C
        • et al.
        New arthroscopic disc repositioning and suturing technique for treating internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint: part II–magnetic resonance imaging evaluation.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010; 68: 1813-1817
        • Liu Z
        • Xie Q
        • Yang C
        • et al.
        Functional orthodontics after arthroscopic disk repositioning in adolescent anterior disk displacement with mandibular retrusion.
        Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2020; 130: 357-362
        • Cai X
        • Yang C
        • Jin J
        • et al.
        Condylar remodelling following arthroscopic disc repositioning of TMJ in teenage patients: a longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study.
        China J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012; 10: 322-327
        • Liu X
        • Shen P
        • Wang X
        • et al.
        A prognostic nomogram for postoperative bone remodeling in patients with ADDWoR.
        Sci Rep. 2018; 8: 4361
        • Dong M
        • Jiao Z
        • Sun Q
        • et al.
        The magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of condylar new bone remodeling after Yang's TMJ arthroscopic surgery.
        Sci Rep. 2021; 11: 5219
        • Huang L
        • Zhang L
        • Li H
        • et al.
        Growth pattern and physiological characteristics of the temporomandibular joint studied by histological analysis and static mechanical pressure loading testing.
        Arch Oral Biol. 2020; 111104639
        • Li H
        • Huang L
        • Xie Q
        • et al.
        Study on the effects of gradient mechanical pressures on the proliferation, apoptosis, chondrogenesis, and hypertrophy of mandibular condylar chondrocytes in vitro.
        Arch Oral Biol. 2017; 73: 186-192
        • He D
        • Yang C
        • Zhu H
        • Ellis E.
        Temporomandibular joint disc repositioning by suturing through open incision: a technical note.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018; 76: 948-954
        • He D
        • Yang C
        • Zhang S
        • et al.
        Modified temporomandibular joint disc repositioning with miniscrew anchor: part I–surgical technique.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015; 73: 47e1-47e9
        • Mehra P
        • Wolford LM.
        The Mitek mini anchor for TMJ disc repositioning: surgical technique and results.
        Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001; 30: 497-503
        • Zhou Q
        • Zhu H
        • He D
        • et al.
        Modified temporomandibular joint disc repositioning with mini-screw anchor: part II-stability evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019; 77: 273-279
        • Liu X
        • Zhou Z
        • Mao Y
        • et al.
        Temporomandibular joint anchorage surgery: a 5-year follow-up study.
        Sci Rep. 2019; 9: 19106
        • Wang BL
        • Yang C
        • Cai XY
        • et al.
        Malocclusion as a common occurrence in temporomandibular joint arthroscopic disc repositioning: outcomes at 49 days after surgery.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011; 69: 1587-1593
        • Hu YK
        • Abdelrehem A
        • Yang C
        • Cai XY
        • Xie QY
        • Sah MK.
        Changes in temporomandibular joint spaces after arthroscopic disc repositioning: a self-control study.
        Sci Rep. 2017; 7: 45513
        • Chen XZ
        • Qiu YT
        • Zhang SY
        • et al.
        Changes of the condylar position after modified disk repositioning: a retrospective study based on magnetic resonance imaging.
        Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2020; 129: 14-20
        • Yang C.
        The relationship between temporomandibular joint disc displacement and condylar resorption and the comprehensive treatment protocol.
        Chin J Stomatol. 2017; 52: 157-160
        • Zhu H
        • Yang Z
        • He D
        • et al.
        The effect of TMJ disk repositioning by suturing through open incision on adolescent mandibular asymmetry with and without a functional orthodontic appliance.
        Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2021; 131: 405-414