Oral and post-transplantation infectious status in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplants: A prospective observational study

Published:October 13, 2022DOI:


      Infectious status may be life threatening in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral status on infectious conditions during the neutropenic phase after HSCT.

      Study Design

      Seventy patients with various hematologic malignancies were involved. Before HSCT, oral and periodontal examination, including the number of teeth and decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (DMFT); visible plaque (%); bleeding on probing (BOP [%]); clinical attachment level; and probing depth (PD) values were collected. Daily blood cultures were collected and analyzed in terms of infection-related parameters, including febrile neutropenia (FN), bacteremia, and C-reactive protein (CRP) during the neutropenic phase of HSCT.


      Forty-two patients (60%) received autologous and 28 (40%) allogeneic HSCT. In both groups, patients without FN after HSCT had significantly lower DMFT index scores and fewer sites with PD ≥4 mm (P < .05). However, bacteremia, FN, and CRP were similar in patients with periodontitis compared with non-periodontitis patients (P > .05).


      The results suggest that periodontal status may not significantly impact the infection-related parameters in patients treated for HSCT. However, DMFT and the prevalence of sites with PD ≥4 mm may be involved in febrile neutropenia.
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