The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare quality of life (QoL) parameters in patients with oral potential malignant disorders (OPMDs), namely, oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral epithelial dysplasia (OED).
A cross-sectional study was completed at the oral maxillofacial surgery/oral medicine practices at University of Pennsylvania. Patients with clinical and histopathologic confirmation of OLP or OED from January to June 2021 were included in the study. The primary predictor variable was the OPMD type. The primary outcome variable was the score of 3 separate surveys: the Chronic Oral Mucosal Disease Questionnaire-26 (COMDQ-26), Oral Potential Malignant Disorder QoL Questionnaire (OPMDQoL), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Multiple linear regression was used to determine independent predictors of increased/decreased questionnaire scores.
The final study sample consisted of 100 patients:53 patients had OLP (53.0%), 39 patients had OED (39.0%), and 8 patients had OLP with OED (8.0%). Relative to OED, OLP added 15.7 points to the COMDQ-26 survey score (P < .001). Relative to OED, OLP added 8.9 points to the OPMDQoL survey score (P = .003).
Oral lichen planus shows significantly poorer QoL specifically within the COMD-26 and OPMDQoL questionnaires, compared with OED. Additionally, patients with OPMDs aged 40 to 64 years were independently associated with higher COMD-26 scores compared with older patients (>65 years).
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NIH. National Cancer Institute. Available at: https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/oralcav.html. Accessed April 15, 2022.
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Published online: November 16, 2022
Accepted: November 8, 2022
Received in revised form: November 1, 2022
Received: August 15, 2022
© 2022 Published by Elsevier Inc.