Review Article|Articles in Press

Temporomandibular disorders—review of evidence-based management and a proposed multidisciplinary care pathway

Published:February 12, 2023DOI:
      Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a prevalent but complex group of conditions that cause orofacial pain. Temporomandibular disorders are recognized as one of the most common chronic pain conditions, alongside back pain and headache disorders.
      Given the competing theories surrounding what causes TMDs and limited high-equality evidence on optimally treating TMDs, clinicians often encounter challenges in developing an effective management plan for patients.
      Furthermore, patients will often seek advice from multiple health care providers from varying specialties, seeking curative management, often resulting in inappropriate treatments and no improvement in pain symptoms.
      Throughout this review, we explore the existing evidence base surrounding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of TMDs. An existing United Kingdom–based multidisciplinary care pathway for the management of TMDs is described herein, highlighting the benefits of a multidisciplinary approach to patient care for TMDs.
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